钧窑

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钧窑,即钧台窑,是在柴窑和鲁山花瓷的风格基础上综合而成的一种独特风格,受道家思想深刻影响,在宋徽宗时期达到高峰,其工艺技术发挥到极致。无论是呈色和各种纹理的表现,做到窑变可控随心所欲的表现技术,至今无人能仿造。宋代受理学的影响,反应在瓷器上就是规整对称,无论是造型或纹理都遵循这一原则,特别是北宋官造钧瓷,不论文房用具或大型祭器都严格遵守这一原则。规整对称,高雅大气,宫廷气势,一丝不苟。其势沉重古朴,明亮而深沉。建窑,耀州窑,钧窑,作为中国传统瓷文化正宗,历史悠久的风格传承至今。放大镜观察,蚯蚓走泥纹,用气泡一个个串连一体呈立体的爬行状,青蛙卵纹包裹卵核一摞摞正欲孵化而出。还有牛血纹,血色深红暗沉杀气腾腾,庄重威严等等,难以一一叙述。北宋官窑钧瓷的发色和纹理大小和分布,都难以做到人为控制而恰到好处,是北宋瓷艺的最高工艺水平的体现。这批钧瓷工艺早已失传,而窑址也随冰冻积水而下沉。“纵有家财万贯,不如钧瓷一片”。可见当时钧瓷产生的轰动效应。于是各地群相仿效,窑口林立,但至今仍然不得要领。至今,研究文章汗牛充栋,考古窑口不计其数,因都未见过这批北宋官造钧瓷,也只能是管中窥豹了。1955年,禹县(今禹州)陶瓷厂开始研制、探索湮没已久的钧瓷胎釉的基本配方与烧成技术,不仅烧制出玫瑰紫,海棠红、天青、月白等传统色釉,还发展了十多种花釉,并增加了现代日用器皿、艺术陈设瓷等新品种。
 
The kiln, namely the Qitai kiln, is a unique style based on the style of the Chai kiln and Lushan porcelain. It was deeply influenced by Taoist ideas and reached its peak during the Huizong period of the Song Dynasty. Its craftsmanship and technology played to the extreme. Whether it is color and the performance of various textures, to achieve the kiln to control the arbitrary performance of the technology, so far no one can imitate. Under the influence of Confucianism in the Song Dynasty, the reaction on porcelain was symmetrical. Whether it was modeling or texture, it followed this principle. In particular, the Northern Song Dynasty officials made silk porcelain, and they strictly adhered to this principle regardless of articles or large-scale rituals. Symmetric, elegant atmosphere, palace momentum, meticulous. Its weight is simple, bright and deep. Jianyao, Yaozhou Kiln, Junyao, as an authentic Chinese traditional porcelain culture, has a long history of style passed down to this day. The magnifying glass observed that the earthworm walks the mud pattern, with the bubble one by one in a series of three-dimensional crawling, frog egg pattern wrapped egg nucleus one pile is ready to hatch out. There are also cow blood patterns, dark red and dark blood, steaming, solemn majesty, and so on, it is difficult to describe one by one. The color and texture size and distribution of Jun porcelain in the Northern Song Dynasty were difficult t

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